Short Biography of James Buchanan: Fast Overview of his Life
Facts and Info: James Buchanan was the 15th president of America and the only bachelor to ever serve in the White House. An ineffective president, he failed to find a compromise to keep the South from seceding and the Union broke apart. For additional info refer to 20 Facts about James Buchanan.
Short Biography of James Buchanan: His Parents, Date of Birth and Place of Birth
Facts and Info: James Buchanan was born in a log cabin on April 23, 1791 in Cove Gap near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Irish immigrants. He died on June 1, 1868 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
Short Biography of James Buchanan: His Education and Career
Facts and Info: The career of James Buchanan included the roles of Lawyer, Soldier, Politician and Statesman. He received a good education and graduated from Dickinson College. He became the 15th President of America in 1857 and served for 4 years until 1861.
Short Biography of James Buchanan: His Family
Facts and Info: James Buchanan was never married. His fiancée, Anne Caroline Coleman, broke off their engagement and died a week later. Buchanan was the only bachelor to be president and his niece, Harriet Lane, fulfilled the role of hostess at the White House.
Short Biography of James Buchanan: His Presidency
Facts and Info: James Buchanan belonged to the Democrat Political Party. He was 65 years old when he was inaugurated as the 15th president. Inauguration is a President's swearing-in ceremony. John C Breckenridge stood as the Vice President. James Buchanan was the last pre-Civil War president. For additional facts refer to his Presidential Cabinet members.
Short Biography of James Buchanan: What he was like!
Facts and Info: James Buchanan was an imposing figure with broad shoulders and stood at 6 feet in height. He had grey hair and a fair complexion. He had an unusual eye disorder where one eye was nearsighted and the other eye was farsighted. To try to compensate he developed the habit of cocking his head to one side and closing one eye. James Buchanan supported Abraham Lincoln throughout the Civil War and served in the War of 1812 in a band of volunteers who marched to the defence of Baltimore against the British. His nicknames were “Old Buck” and Ten-Cent Jimmie due to his claim that ten cents a day was enough for a working man to live on.
Short Biography of James Buchanan: important Events in his Political life
Facts and Info: During his lifetime he played a key role in important events of the era. During his presidency John Brown seized the town of Harpers Ferry in Virginia in a futile attempt to spark an uprising of slaves. He was captured by Robert E Lee and hung in 1859. The Southern States begin Secession in 1860 & the Confederate States were created in 1861. On a less somber note, the Pony Express was established in 1860.
Short Biography of James Buchanan: Illnesses
Facts and Info: During his life James Buchanan suffered from rheumatic gout, an eye disorder and alcoholism. Gout is a disease that is caused by excess build up of uric acids in the joints. Gout was a important health concern in the 1800s and primarily brought on by high fat diets and consuming too much meat. It was dubbed “The Disease of the Kings” or “Rich Man’s Disease.”
Short Biography of James Buchanan: His Death and Burial
Facts and Info: James Buchanan died of respiratory failure on June 1, 1868 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. His funeral procession consisted of over 20,000 people. He is buried at Woodward Hill Cemetery.