Short Biography of Richard Nixon: Fast Overview of his Life
Facts and Info: Richard Nixon was the 37th president of America and the only U.S. President in history to resign his office. His resignation was due to his involvement in the Watergate break-in and cover-up scandal. For additional info refer to 20 Facts about Richard Nixon.
Short Biography of Richard Nixon: His Parents, Date of Birth and Place of Birth
Facts and Info: Richard Milhous Nixon was born on January 9, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California. He was raised with his four brothers in a strict Quaker family who refrained from taking alcohol, dancing and swearing. He came from a poor family but rose to the highest position in the land. He died on April 22, 1994 in New York.
Short Biography of Richard Nixon: His Education and Career
Facts and Info: The career of Richard Nixon included the roles of Lawyer, Politician and Statesman. He received an excellent education at Whittier College and Duke University Law School. He became the 37th President of America in 1969 and served for 5 years until 1974.
Short Biography of Richard Nixon: His Family, Wife and Kids
Facts and Info: Richard Nixon married Thelma “Patricia” Catherine Ryan. They both enjoyed amateur dramatics and met whilst acting with the Whittier Community Players and married two years later. They had two children named Patricia and Julie.
Short Biography of Richard Nixon: His Presidency
Facts and Info: Richard Nixon belonged to the Republican Political Party. He was 56 years old when he was inaugurated as the 37th president. Spiro Agnew and Gerald Ford stood as Vice Presidents. Nixon announced his resignation on August 8, 1974. For additional facts refer to his Presidential Cabinet members.
Short Biography of Richard Nixon: What he was like!
Facts and Info: Richard Nixon was an imposing figure standing at 6 feet 1.5 inches and weighing 175 pounds. He had brown wavy hair, brown eyes, thick eyebrows and protruding jaw with sagging jowls. He was known for dressing in a conservative fashion, usually wearing dark suits. He was described as being calm, unscrupulous and his method of attacking opponents was highly effective. He earned the nickname of Tricky Dicky.
Short Biography of Richard Nixon: important Events in his Political life
Facts and Info: During his lifetime he played a key role in important events of the era. During his presidency Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon, 18-year-olds got the right to vote and the Environmental Protection Agency was created. The SALT Agreement was Strategic Arms Limitation Talks between Russia and the US. It consisted of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and an Interim Agreement on the Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms. His visit to China was an important step in formally normalizing relations between the two countries.
Short Biography of Richard Nixon: The Watergate Scandal
Facts and Info: His presidency was judged as a successful one until the Watergate Scandal emerged. In June 1972 there was a break-in at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., where the Democratic National Committee had a campaign office. Five men broke into the office in order to spy on Democratic campaigns. They were caught in the act and investigations into the Nixon administration were launched by two Washington Post reporters named Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein. A main source for the reporters was known by the nickname of Deep Throat.
It emerged that a $25,000 check, apparently meant for the Richard Nixon campaign, ended up in the bank account of a Watergate burglar. In October 1972 the Washington Post reported that the FBI believed the Watergate break-in was part of a political sabotage effort by the Nixon campaign, nevertheless, Nixon was re-elected in a huge landslide in November. In January 1973 two Nixon aides, Gordon Liddy and James McCord, were convicted for their involvement in the Watergate burglary.
The dismissal and resignation of other key White House staff followed. It then emerged that Nixon had taped all conversations in his office since 1971 but that he had ordered the microphones to be disconnected. On November 17, 1973 Richard Nixon declared his innocence in the Watergate scandal saying "I am not a crook." In December an 18 minute gap was found in one White House tape implicating the president.
In July 1974 the House of Representatives passed first of three articles of impeachment and the Supreme Court ordered the White House to hand over 64 tapes of conversations. The “Smoking Gun” tape, in which President Nixon and H.R. Haldeman discuss using the CIA to keep the FBI from investigating the Watergate break-in was made public. Richard Nixon announced his resignation the next day on August 8, 1974. The next US President was Gerald Ford who pardoned Richard Nixon, believing the nation did not need to endure a long and messy trial.
Short Biography of Richard Nixon: His Death and Burial
Facts and Info: Following his presidency Richard Nixon wrote numerous books on his experiences in public life and on foreign policy. He died of paralysis due to a stroke and swelling of the brain on April 22, 1994 in New York. He was buried in Yorba Linda in California.