The Presidential Cabinet

 

Presidential Seal - Out of many One

The Presidential Cabinet
Definition: The US Government is headed by the President of the United States of America who is assisted by official advisers he has appointed to head executive departments of government. The chief, official advisors of the President are collectively known as the Presidential Cabinet. The word 'cabinet' dates back to the 1600's and derives from the term meaning "a private room where advisors meet". The phrase "cabinet counsel" was used to describe advice that was given in private.

The First Presidential Cabinet History
The History of the first Presidential Cabinet dates back to the  presidency of George Washington (
1789-1797). President George Washington appointed a Presidential Cabinet of four men. The first Secretary of State was Thomas Jefferson, the first Secretary of the Treasury was Alexander Hamilton, the first Secretary of War was Henry Knox and the first Attorney General was Edmund Randolph. President George Washington trusted his Presidential Cabinet to advise him and to assist him in making important decisions and carrying out his tasks and duties as President of the USA.

The Presidential Cabinet Members and Departments
As time passed the number of members and their roles increased. The Presidential Cabinet now includes the Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments of the US Government. The Vice President of the United States is the second highest public office created by the US Constitution and is the first person in the presidential line of succession. The Attorney General and the 14 Cabinet members from the executive departments are nominated by the President. The Presidential Cabinet Members have to be approved by the Senate by a majority (51 votes). The current 15 Cabinet members of the fifteen executive departments of the US Government are ranked in order according to the United States presidential line of succession:

Cabinet Members & DepartmentsDate Post CreatedRole or Definition of Cabinet Departments
Secretary of State1789Definition: Responsible for foreign affairs
Secretary of the Treasury1789Definition: Responsible for finances, tax and printing money
Secretary of Defense1947Definition: Responsible for military forces
Attorney General1789Definition: Responsible for giving legal advice to the government
Secretary of the Interior1849Definition: Land, natural resources and territorial matters
Secretary of Agriculture1889Definition: Responsible for agricultural economy and the farmers
Secretary of Commerce1913Definition: Responsible for foreign and domestic trade
Secretary of Labor1913Definition: Responsible for working conditions
Secretary of Health and Human Services1953Definition: Responsible for health, safety and low income families
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development1966Definition: Responsible for developing and improving communities
Secretary of Transportation1966Definition: Responsible for national transportation programs
Secretary of Energy1977Definition: Responsible for energy systems
Secretary of Education1979Definition: Responsible for meeting educational needs
Secretary of Veterans Affairs1989Definition: Responsible for veterans and their families
Secretary of Homeland Security2002Definition: Responsible for preventing terrorist attacks
Cabinet Members & DepartmentsDate Post CreatedRole & Definition of Cabinet Departments

The Presidential Cabinet and the Constitution
The United States constitution does not provide for the cabinet. The term 'cabinet' is not referred to by name in the Constitution but as the "Principal officers in each of the executive departments" in Article II, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution.

US president George washington

The Presidential Cabinet of George Washington

The Presidential Cabinet: George Washington was the 1st president of the US from 1789 until 1797. The name of his Vice President was John Adams (1789-97). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were John Jay (1789-90), Thomas Jefferson (1790-93), Edmund Randolph (1794-95) and Timothy Pickering (1795-97)

US President John Adams

The Presidential Cabinet of John Adams

The Presidential Cabinet: John Adams was the 1st Vice president and the 2nd president of the US from 1797 to 1801. The name of his Vice President was Thomas Jefferson (1797-1801). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Timothy Pickering (1797-1800) and John Marshall (1800-01)

US president Thomas Jefferson

The Presidential Cabinet of Thomas Jefferson

The Presidential Cabinet: Thomas Jefferson was the 3rd president of the US from 1801 to 1809. The name of his Vice Presidents were Aaron Burr (1801-05) and George Clinton (1805-09). The name of his Secretary of State was James Madison (1801-1809)

US President James Madison

The Presidential Cabinet of James Madison

The Presidential Cabinet: James Madison was the 4th president of the US from 1809 to 1817. The name of his Vice Presidents were George Clinton (1809-12) and Elbridge Gerry (1813-14). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Robert Smith (1809-11) and James Monroe (1811-17).

US President James Monroe

The Presidential Cabinet of James Monroe

The Presidential Cabinet: James Monroe was the 5th president of the US from 1817 to 1825. The name of his Vice President was Daniel D. Tompkins (1817-1825). The name of his Secretary of State was John Quincy Adams (1817-25).

US President John Quincy Adams

The Presidential Cabinet of John Quincy Adams

The Presidential Cabinet: John Quincy Adams was the 6th president of the US from 1825 to 1829. The name of his Vice President was John C. Calhoun (1825-29). The name of his Secretary of State was Henry Clay (1825-1829)

US President Andrew Jackson

The Presidential Cabinet of Andrew Jackson

The Presidential Cabinet: Andrew Jackson was the 7th president of the US from 1829 to 1837. The name of his Vice Presidents were John C. Calhoun (1829-1832) and Martin Van Buren (1833-1837). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Martin Van Buren (1829-31), Edward Livingston (1831-33), Louis McLane (1833-34) and John Forsyth (1834-37)

US President Martin Van Buren

The Presidential Cabinet of Martin Van Buren

The Presidential Cabinet: Martin Van Buren was the 8th president of the US from 1837 to 1841. The name of his Vice President was Richard M. Johnson (1837-41). The name of his Secretary of State was John Forsyth (1837-41).

US President William Harrison

The Presidential Cabinet of William Harrison

The Presidential Cabinet: William Harrison was the 9th president of the US. The name of his Vice President was John Tyler (1841). The name of his Secretary of State was Daniel Webster (1841).

US President John Tyler

The Presidential Cabinet of John Tyler

The Presidential Cabinet: John Tyler was the 10th president of the US from 1841 to 1845. This president did not appoint a Vice President. The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Daniel Webster (1841-43), Abel P. Upshur (1843-44) and John C. Calhoun (1844-45)

US President James knox Polk

The Presidential Cabinet of James Knox Polk

The Presidential Cabinet: James Knox Polk was the 11th president of the US from 1845 to 1849. The name of his Vice President was George M. Dallas (1845-1849). The name of his Secretary of State was James Buchanan (1845-1849)

US President Zachary Taylor

The Presidential Cabinet of Zachary Taylor

The Presidential Cabinet: Zachary Taylor was the 12th president of the US from 1849 to 1850. The name of his Vice President was Millard Fillmore (1849-50). The name of his Secretary of State was John M. Clayton (1849-50)

US President Millard Fillmore

The Presidential Cabinet of Millard Fillmore

The Presidential Cabinet: Millard Fillmore was the 13th president of the US from 1850 to 1853. This president did not appoint a Vice President. The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were John M. Clayton (1850), Daniel Webster (1850-52) and Edward Everett (1852-53)

US president Franklin Pierce

The Presidential Cabinet of Franklin Pierce

The Presidential Cabinet: Franklin Pierce was the 14th president of the US. Franklin Pierce from 1853 to 1857. The name of his Vice President was William R. King (1853-57). The name of his Secretary of State was William L. Marcy (1853-57)

US President James Buchanan

The Presidential Cabinet of James Buchanan

The Presidential Cabinet: James Buchanan was the 15th president of the US from 1857 to 1861. The name of his Vice President was John C. Breckinridge (1857-61). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Lewis Cass (1857-60) and Jeremiah S. Black (1860-61)

 

Presidential Seal

 

US president Abraham Lincoln

The Presidential Cabinet of Abraham Lincoln

The Presidential Cabinet: Abraham Lincoln  was the 16th president of the US from 1861 to 1865. The name of his Vice Presidents were Hannibal Hamlin (1861-65) and Andrew Johnson (1865). The name of his Secretary of State was William H. Seward (1861-65).

US president Andrew Johnson

The Presidential Cabinet of Andrew Johnson

The Presidential Cabinet: Andrew Johnson was the 17th president of the US from 1865 to 1869. This president did not appoint a Vice President. The name of his Secretary of State was William H. Seward (1865-69).

US President Ulysses S Grant

The Presidential Cabinet of Ulysses S Grant

The Presidential Cabinet: Ulysses S Grant was the 18th president of the US from 1869 to 1877. The name of his Vice Presidents were Schuyler Colfax (1869-73) and Henry Wilson (1873-75). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Elihu B. Washburne (1869) and Hamilton Fish (1869-77)

US President Rutherford B Hayes

The Presidential Cabinet of Rutherford B Hayes

The Presidential Cabinet: Rutherford B Hayes was the 19th president of the US from 1877 to 1881. The name of his Vice President was William A. Wheeler (1877-81). The name of his Secretary of State was William M. Evarts (1877-81)

US President James Garfield

The Presidential Cabinet of James Garfield

The Presidential Cabinet: James Garfield was the 20th president of the US in 1881. The name of his Vice President was Chester A. Arthur (1881). The name of his Secretary of State was James G. Blaine (1881)

president-chester-arthur

The Presidential Cabinet of Chester A Arthur

The Presidential Cabinet: Chester A Arthur was the 21st president of the US from 1881 to 1885. This president did not appoint a Vice President. The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were James G. Blaine (1881) and Frederick T. Frelinghuysen (1881-85).

president Grover Cleveland

The Presidential Cabinet of Grover Cleveland

The Presidential Cabinet: Grover Cleveland was the 22nd & 24th president of the US. The name of his Vice Presidents were Thomas A. Hendricks (1885-89) and Adlai E. Stevenson (1893-97). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Thomas F. Bayard (1885-89), Walter Q. Gresham (1893-95) and Richard Olney (1895-97)

US President Benjamin Harrison

The Presidential Cabinet of Benjamin Harrison

The Presidential Cabinet: Benjamin Harrison was the 23rd president of the US from 1889 to 1893. The name of his Vice President was Levi P. Morton (1889-93). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were James G. Blaine (1889-92) and John W. Foster (1892-93).

US president William McKinley

The Presidential Cabinet of William McKinley

The Presidential Cabinet: William McKinley was the 25th president of the US from 1897 to 1901 when he was assassinated. The name of his Vice Presidents were Garret A. Hobart (1897-99) and Theodore Roosevelt (1901). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were John Sherman (1897-98), William R. Day (1898) and John M. Hay (1898-1901)

US President Theodore Roosevelt

The Presidential Cabinet of Theodore Roosevelt

The Presidential Cabinet: Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th president of the US from 1901 to 1909. The name of his Vice President was Charles Warren Fairbanks (1905-09). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were John M. Hay (1901-05), Elihu Root (1905-09) and Robert Bacon (1909)

US President William Taft

The Presidential Cabinet of William Taft

The Presidential Cabinet: William Taft was the 27th president of the US from 1909 to 1913. The name of his Vice President was James S. Sherman (1909-12). The name of his Secretary of State was Philander C. Knox (1909-13).

US President Woodrow Wilson

The Presidential Cabinet of Woodrow Wilson

The Presidential Cabinet: Woodrow Wilson was the 28th president of the US from 1913 to 1921. The name of his Vice President was Thomas R. Marshall (1913-21). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were William J. Bryan (1913-15), Robert Lansing (1915-20) and Bainbridge Colby (1920-21)

US President Warren Hardin

The Presidential Cabinet of Warren Harding

The Presidential Cabinet: Warren Harding was the 29th president of the US from 1921 to 1923. The name of his Vice President was Calvin Coolidge (1921-23). The name of his Secretary of State was Charles Evans Hughes (1921-23)

 

Presidential Seal

 
US President Calvin Coolidge

The Presidential Cabinet of Calvin Coolidge

The Presidential Cabinet: Calvin Coolidge was the 30th president of the US from 1923 to 1929. The name of his Vice President was Charles G. Dawes (1925-29). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Charles Evans Hughes (1923-25) and Frank B. Kellogg (1925-29).

US President Herbert Hoover

The Presidential Cabinet of Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover was the 31st president of the US from 1929 to 1933. The name of his Vice President was Charles Curtis (1929-33). The name of his Secretary of State was Henry L. Stimson (1929-33).

US President Franklin D Roosevelt

The Presidential Cabinet of Franklin D Roosevelt

The Presidential Cabinet: Franklin D Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the US from 1933 to 1945. The name of his Vice Presidents were John N. Garner (1933-41), Henry A. Wallace (1941-45) and Harry S. Truman (1945). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Cordell Hull (1933-44) and Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. (1944-45)

US President Harry S Truman

The Presidential Cabinet of Harry S Truman

The Presidential Cabinet: Harry S Truman was the 33rd president of the US from 1945 to 1953. The name of his Vice President was Alben W. Barkley (1949-53). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. (1945), James F. Byrnes (1945-47), George C. Marshall (1947-49) and Dean G. Acheson (1949-53)

US President Dwight D Eisenhower

The Presidential Cabinet of Dwight D Eisenhower

The Presidential Cabinet: Dwight D Eisenhower was the 34th president of the US from 1953 to 1961. The name of his Vice President was Richard M. Nixon (1953-61). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were John Foster Dulles (1953-59) and Christian A. Herter (1959-61).

US President John F Kennedy

The Presidential Cabinet of JFK

The Presidential Cabinet: John F Kennedy was the 35th president of the US from 1961 to 1963. The name of his Vice President was Lyndon B. Johnson (1961-63). The name of his Secretary of State was Dean Rusk (1961-63)

US President Lyndon B Johnson

The Presidential Cabinet of Lyndon B Johnson

The Presidential Cabinet: Lyndon B Johnson was the 36th president of the US from 1963 to 1969. The name of his Vice President was Hubert H. Humphrey (1965-69). The name of his Secretary of State was Dean Rusk (1963-69).

US President Richard Nixon

The Presidential Cabinet of Richard Nixon

The Presidential Cabinet: Richard Nixon was the 37th president of the US from 1969 to 1974. The name of his Vice Presidents were Spiro T. Agnew (1969-73) and Gerald R. Ford (1973-74). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were William P. Rogers (1969-73) and Henry A. Kissinger (1973-74).

US President Gerald Ford

The Presidential Cabinet of Gerald Ford

The Presidential Cabinet: Gerald Ford became the 38th president of the US from 1974 to 1977. The name of his Vice President was Nelson A. Rockefeller (1974-77). The name of his Secretary of State was Henry A. Kissinger (1974-77).

US-President-Jimmy-Carter

The Presidential Cabinet of Jimmy Carter

The Presidential Cabinet: Jimmy Carter was the 39th president of the US from 1977 to 1981. The name of his Vice President was Walter F. Mondale (1977-81). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Cyrus R. Vance (1977-80) and Edmund S. Muskie (1980-81).

US President Ronald Reagan

The Presidential Cabinet of Ronald Reagan

The Presidential Cabinet: Ronald Reagan was the 40th president of the US from 1981 to 1989. The name of his Vice President was George Bush (1981-89). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were Alexander M. Haig, Jr. (1981-82) and George P. Schultz (1982-89).

US President George H Bush

The Presidential Cabinet of George H Bush

The Presidential Cabinet: George H Bush was the 41st president of the US from 1989 to 1993. The name of his Vice President was Dan Quayle (1989-93). The names of the men who held the position of Secretary of State were James A. Baker, III (1989-92) and Lawrence S. Eagleburger (1992-93)

US President Bill Clinton

The Presidential Cabinet of Bill Clinton

The Presidential Cabinet: Bill Clinton was the 42nd president of the US from 1993 to 2001. The name of his Vice President was  Albert Gore, Jr. (1993-2001). The names of those who held the position of Secretary of State were Warren M. Christopher (1993-97) and Madeleine Albright (1997-2001)

US President George W Bush

The Presidential Cabinet of George W Bush

The Presidential Cabinet: George W Bush was the 43rd president of the US from 2001 to 2009. The name of his Vice President was Richard B. Cheney (2001-09). The names of those who held the position of Secretary of State were Colin Luther Powell (2001-05) and Condoleezza Rice (2005-09)

US President Barack Obama

The Presidential Cabinet of Barack Obama

Barack Obama is the 44th president of the US whose term in office started in 2009. The name of his Vice President is Joseph R. Biden, Jr. (2009- )

Video of the US Presidents
The articles on the US Government provides details the Departments and Members of the Presidential Cabinet of the United States of America. The following video will give you additional important facts and dates about the personal and political lives of all the US Presidencies.

 

 

US Government: The Presidential Cabinet
 
Interesting Facts and information for kids and schools
Definition of the departments of the Presidential Cabinets
Important info and facts about Government departments
Government Cabinets  of the United States Presidents
Fast, fun, interesting facts and info
Members and Departments
The Presidential Cabinets for schools, homework, kids and children
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