Eliza Johnson


Andrew Johnson

Summary of Eliza Johnson - First Lady of America
Our summary and fast facts about Eliza Johnson provides an interesting and easy way to learn about the life of the First Lady of President Andrew Johnson. Eliza Johnson was the plain and simple woman from Tennessee who was content to watch her husband's political career from her home. Humble, loyal and unpretentious she was her husbands closest confidant. She contacted tuberculosis which left her a semi-invalid by the time Andrew Johnson became President and she delegated the social duties of First Lady to her daughter,
, Martha Patterson.

Facts about Eliza Johnson - First Lady
Eliza Johnson undertook the role of First Lady to Andrew Johnson, the 17th President of the United States who served in office from April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869.  What was the life of Eliza Johnson like? The Facts about Eliza Johnson covers important information, dates and interesting facts about her birth, her early life, her family, her personality with a biography and the accomplishments of Eliza Johnson as the First Lady of the United States of America.

Facts about Eliza Johnson: Fact Sheet of Eliza Johnson
Facts and Info: This fast fact sheet provides important information about Eliza Johnson, First Lady of the United States of America.

Eliza Johnson Fact Sheet - The First Lady of President Andrew Johnson
Relationship to President Andrew Johnson: Wife
Date Eliza Johnson entered White House as First Lady: April 15, 1865
Term of Presidency: 1865-1869
When and where was Eliza Johnson born?  

Picture of Eliza Johnson

Picture of Eliza Johnson

 She was born on October 4, 1810 in Leesburg, Tennessee. She was  named Eliza McCardle
What was the name of her father and mother?
 The name of her parents: John McCardle & Sarah Phillips McCardle
What was her relationship to President Andrew Johnson?
 She was his wife
When did she marry?
 They married on May 17, 1827.
What are the names of her children?
 The names of her children were  Martha (1828 1901), Charles (1830 1863), Mary (1832 1883), Robert (1834 1869), Andrew (1852 1879)
When and where did Eliza Johnson die?
 Eliza Johnson died on January 15, 1876 in Greene County, Tennessee
Eliza Johnson Fact Sheet - The First Lady of President Andrew Johnson

Facts about Eliza Johnson: Fast Overview of Events in the White House
Facts and Info: Eliza Johnson assumed the position of First Lady to President Andrew Johnson,
following the assassination of Herbert Hoover. She witnessed the important events of his presidency that included Reconstruction, bringing the Southern states back into the US and the Purchase of Alaska from Russia. He was the first President to be impeached, although never convicted.

Personality and Character: Eliza Johnson Quotes
Facts and Info: An insight into the personal views, character and personality of this First Lady may be obtained from the following Eliza Johnson quotes.

"[We are] plain people from the mountains of Tennessee, brought here through a national calamity"

"My dears, I am an invalid."

Eliza Johnson's reaction to the acquittal verdict of her husband's impeachment trial was:

"I knew he would be acquitted. I knew it!"

Facts about Eliza Johnson: Her Nickname or Pet Name "Liz"
Facts and Info: This First Lady was named as
Eliza McCardle but became known by her pet name "Liz" to her family and husband.

Facts about Eliza Johnson: First Events
Facts and Info: Eliza Johnson was the 1st First Lady to
arrange for two cows to live on the White House lawn to provide fresh milk.

Facts about the Causes and Accomplishments of Eliza Johnson
Facts and Info: First Ladies are not elected so have no official role. Their accomplishments are therefore based on their own particular wishes that ranged from political interests, humanitarian and charitable causes or duties relating to their family or social responsibilities. The accomplishments of Eliza Johnson were related to to domestic affairs and the family. Eliza left social duties to her daughter, Martha Patterson. She was, however, well educated, and kept abreast of current events and informed her husband accordingly.

Facts about Eliza Johnson: The Life of Eliza Johnson
Facts and Info: Eliza McCardle was born in Leesburg, Tennessee on October 4, 1810. She was the only surviving child of the family. Her background was simple, she came from a poor family, her father was a cobbler. Eliza was however given the advantage of a good, extended, education which she received at Rhea Academy, Greeneville, Tennessee.
She developed a love of books and literacy and was brought up with the domestic skills required to run her own household without the help of servants or slaves. 16 year old Eliza McCardle married 18 year old Andrew Johnson on May 17, 1827 in Greeneville, Tennessee. Andrew Johnson was a tailor but with strong aspirations to enter into politics. Eliza encouraged her husband in his political ambitions and tutored him in math and reading. She developed the lifelong habit of reading to her husband out loud. The couple had 5 children whose names were Martha, Charles, Mary, Robert and Andrew. Eliza was content to stay at home raising their family and had no interest whatsoever in becoming a political wife or sharing the limelight with her husband. Eliza watched her husband from the sidelines as her rose from being Mayor of Greeneville, to U.S. Senator, Vice President and finally, the President of the United States. Eliza Johnson did not even travel to Washington, D.C. until her husband had been in Congress for nearly twenty years. The assassination of Abraham Lincoln on April 15, 1865 threw the reluctant Eliza Johnson into the spotlight. She was not a pretentious woman and made it clear that she came from a plain background. Her humbleness and honesty quietened some of her would-be critics. She had suffered from tuberculosis which had seriously affected her health, she even described herself as an invalid. As first lady, Eliza Johnson delegated the social duties of the White House to her daughter, Martha Patterson,  who won admiration for her hard work and simple approach to her duties. Eliza spent her time in her second-floor room at the White House. She continued to quietly support her husband and devoted her energies to refurbishing the White House. In 1868 Andrew Johnson became subject to Impeachment Proceedings when he breached the Tenure of Office Act by removing Edwin Stanton from his cabinet without the consent of Congress. He was acquitted by one vote. After his acquittal the ever loyal Eliza Johnson declared, "I knew he'd be acquitted, I knew it". The Johnson presidency ended on March 4, 1869 and Eliza and Andrew returned to Greeneville, Tennessee. Andrew Johnson died in 1875 and Eliza died six months later on January 15, 1876. Eliza Johnson was buried with her husband at what is now called the Andrew Johnson National Cemetery in Greeneville, Tennessee.


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Video of Andrew Johnson
The Facts about Eliza Johnson provides a fast overview of the key facts and events in the biography about her life and accomplishments as the First Lady of Andrew Johnson. The following video enables you to sit back and listen to the history of the personal and political life of Andrew Johnson, the man she supported. A useful biography and educational resource for kids, children and schools learning about the life and family of Eliza Johnson.




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The life, quotes and short biography of Eliza Johnson

Facts, summary, quotes, short biography, life and accomplishments of Eliza Johnson for schools, homework, kids and children

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