Lucy Webb Hayes


Picture of President Rutherford Hayes

Summary of Lucy Webb Hayes - First Lady of America
Our summary and fast facts about Lucy Webb Hayes provides an interesting and easy way to learn about the life of the First Lady and wife of President Rutherford Hayes. Lucy was an extremely popular First Lady. She was supportive of her husband, calm, serene and intelligent. An good social hostess she gained praise for her conduct and her patronage of good causes. She was mindful of the extravagant spending of her predecessor Julia Grant and held a tight rein on spending in the White House. She was feted by the people and the press although was given the nickname 'Lemonade Lucy' as alcohol was not served at social events in the White House.

Facts about Lucy Webb Hayes - First Lady, "Lemonade Lucy"
Lucy Webb Hayes undertook the role of First Lady to Rutherford Hayes, the 19th President of the United States who served in office from March 4, 1877 to March 4, 1881.  What was the life of Lucy Webb Hayes like? The Facts about Lucy Webb Hayes covers important information, dates and interesting facts about her birth, her early life, her family, her personality with a biography and the accomplishments of Lucy Webb Hayes.

Facts about Lucy Webb Hayes: Fact Sheet of Lucy Webb Hayes
Facts and Info: This fast fact sheet provides important information about Lucy Webb Hayes, First Lady of the United States of America.

Lucy Webb Hayes Fact Sheet - The First Lady of President Rutherford Hayes
Relationship to President Rutherford Hayes: Wife
Date Lucy Webb Hayes entered White House as First Lady: March 4, 1877
Term of Presidency: 1877-1881
When and where was Lucy Webb Hayes born?  

Picture of Lucy Webb Hayes

Picture of Lucy Webb Hayes

 She was born on August 28, 1831 in Chillicothe, Ohio
What was the name of her father and mother?
 The name of her parents: James Webb & Maria Cook Webb. She was well educated at the Wesleyan Female Seminary in Cincinnati, Ohio and was the first 1st First Lady to graduate from college.
What was her relationship to President Rutherford Hayes?
 She was his wife
When did she marry?
 She married Rutherford Birchard Hayes on December 30, 1852
What are the names of her children?
 The names of their children were Birchard Austin (1853 – 1926), James Webb Cook (1856 – 1934), Rutherford Platt (1858 – 1927), Joseph Thompson (1861 – 1863), George Crook (1864 – 1866), Fanny (1867 – 1950), Scott Russell (1871 – 1923), Manning Force (1873 – 1874)
When and where did Lucy Webb Hayes die?
 Lucy Webb Hayes died on June 25, 1889 in Fremont, Ohio
Lucy Webb Hayes Fact Sheet - The First Lady of President Rutherford Hayes

Facts about Lucy Webb Hayes: Fast Overview of Events in the White House
Facts and Info: Lucy Webb Hayes assumed the position of First Lady to President Rutherford Hayes. She witnessed the important events of his presidency that included
ending Reconstruction in the South and allowing the South to govern itself and announcing the necessity of creating an American controlled canal in Panama.

Personality and Character: Lucy Webb Hayes Quotes
Facts and Info: An insight into the personal views, character and personality of this First Lady may be obtained from the following Lucy Webb Hayes quotes:

"It is a great mistake to suppose that I desire to dictate my views to others in this matter of the use of wine and such drinks.
I do not use them myself…but I have no thought of shunning those who think and act differently."

"I keep myself outwardly very quiet and calm – but inwardly there is a burning venom and wrath-all under a smiling or pleasant exterior."

"Women’s minds are as strong as man’s – equal in all things and superior in some."

Facts about Lucy Webb Hayes: Her Nickname or Pet Name - Lemonade Lucy
Facts and Info: This First Lady was known by the famous nickname of
Lemonade Lucy. This somewhat derogative nickname was because she preferred to serve guests at the White House with non-alcoholic beverages as she strongly supported the temperance movement, a popular cause during the 1800's encouraging a general abstinence from drink. Her stance was applauded by many voters, especially following the extravagant parties hosted by her predecessor Julia Grant, and her husband was known to have stated that it had won him votes. 'Lemonade Lucy' was clearly aware of good Public Relation exercises.

Facts about Lucy Webb Hayes: First Events
Facts and Info:
Lucy Webb Hayes was the first president's wife who was called "First Lady." She was the 1st First Lady to be College Educated at Wesleyan Women’s College in Ohio. Lucy Webb Hayes also hosted the first White House Easter Egg Roll on April 22, 1878.

Facts about the Causes and Accomplishments of Lucy Webb Hayes
Facts and Info: First Ladies are not elected so have no official role. Their accomplishments are therefore based on their own particular wishes that ranged from political interests, humanitarian and charitable causes or duties relating to their family or social responsibilities. The causes of Lucy Webb Hayes were demonstrated in her support of Civil War veterans, the Temperance movement, women's suffrage; living conditions for the poor and orphans. Lucy Webb Hayes also adopted an anti-immigration stance.

Facts about Lucy Webb Hayes: The Life of Lucy Webb Hayes
Facts and Info:
Lucy Webb Hayes was born on August 28, 1831 in Chillicothe, Ohio to a wealthy and strict Methodist family. Lucy was extremely well educated for a woman of her time and attended the Miss Baskerville School and Cincinnati Wesleyan Female College, Cincinnati, Ohio. Lucy therefore became the 1st First Lady to graduate. Rutherford Hayes had established a law practice in Cincinnati where he met Lucy at a social occasion. Rutherford Hayes wrote in his diary, "Her low sweet voice is very winning ... a heart as true as steel.... Intellect she has too.... By George! I am in love with her!". They shared common ideals, both being opposed to slavery and both opposed to the consumption of alcohol.   Rutherford B Hayes married Lucy Ware Webb on December 30, 1852. Rutherford and Lucy Webb Hayes had eight children, although three died in infancy. During the Civil War Lucy Webb Hayes made every effort to provide comfort and support to wounded soldiers. Her husband became the Governor of Ohio (1868–76) and she assumed the duties associated with this role, attending and organizing social events and becoming involved with various charities. Her husband's political career was successful and her was elected President of the United States. 

Facts about Lucy Webb Hayes: Lucy Webb Hayes in the White House
Lucy Webb Hayes assumed the role of First Lady on March 4, 1877. Lucy Webb Hayes was acknowledged as a calm, serene woman and praised for her simplicity and good sense. The previous First Lady, the vivacious Julia Grant had been criticized for her extravagance. Lucy Webb Hayes took the opposite approach and adopted a careful approach to spending money in the White House. Her firm support of the Temperance Movement led to her decision to serve only non-alcoholic beverages in the White House. This decision received a mixed reaction and critics gave her the nickname of 'Lemonade Lucy'. Lucy invited children to roll Easter eggs on the White House lawn which became an annual tradition. Lucy Webb Hayes remained a popular First Lady throughout her husband's presidency. Rutherford refused nomination for a second presidential term in office and the Hayes family retired to Spiegel Grove, their home in Fremont, Ohio.  Rutherford B Hayes died of a of heart attack on January 17, 1893 and Lucy Webb Hayes died of a stroke in 1889.


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Video of Rutherford Hayes
The Facts about Lucy Webb Hayes provides a fast overview of the key facts and events in the biography about her life and accomplishments as the First Lady of Rutherford Hayes. The following video enables you to sit back and listen to the history of the personal and political life of Rutherford Hayes, the man she supported. A useful biography and educational resource for kids, children and schools learning about the life and family of Lucy Webb Hayes.




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The life, quotes and short biography of Lucy Webb Hayes

Facts, summary, quotes, short biography, life and accomplishments of Lucy Webb Hayes for schools, homework, kids and children

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